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贵州瑞麟拍卖有限精品推介:站洋币&广东省造光

民国元年1912年英国造贸易银元俗称“站人,站洋”,“站洋”银元,是清末民初时期,由英国铸造,在中国广泛流通的外国货币之一。“站洋”银元进入我国后,开始在广东、广西一带流通,因其制作精美,含银量高,深得商民喜爱。

In 1912, the first year of the republic of China, the British made trade silver dollar, commonly known as "stanren, stanyang", "stanyang" silver dollar, is the late qing dynasty, the early republic of China, minted by Britain, in China's wide circulation of one of the foreign currency. After entering our country, "stanyang" silver dollar began to circulate in guangdong and guangxi. Because of its exquisite production and high silver content, it was deeply loved by merchants and people.

早在明朝中期,西班牙就已在墨西哥制造“本洋”银币(俗称“双柱”),至清代乾隆、嘉庆年间,中国对外贸易日趋繁荣,从外国流入中国的银币种类也日渐增多。至清朝末年,除“双柱”外,还有墨西哥“鹰洋”、英国“站洋”、印度支那“坐洋”、日本“龙洋”和德国威廉一世纪念银币等品种,其中英国“站洋”以制作精良、图案美观而著称于世。

As early as in the middle of Ming dynasty, Spain had made "native foreign" silver COINS in Mexico (commonly known as "double column"). Until the reign of qianlong and jiaqing in the qing dynasty, China's foreign trade became increasingly prosperous, and the types of silver COINS flowing into China from abroad also increased day by day. By the end of the qing dynasty, in addition to the "double column", there are Mexico "yingyang", the British "standing Yang", Indochina "sitting Yang", Japan "longyang" and Germany William I commemorative silver COINS, among which the British "standing Yang" is famous for its excellent production and beautiful design.

近期贵州瑞麟征集到两枚品相精美的古钱币:

银币正面是一位持戟、盾的武士,在武士上端左右是币值“ONE DOLLAR”一元。在武士下面是铸造纪年。背面是寿字纹,寿字上下是汉字“

伍圆”,左右为马来文“

伍圆”,这是一种历史载体,记录了中国人民政治上受压迫,经济上受剥削的屈辱历史。

On the front was a warrior with a halberd and shield, and at the top was a DOLLAR. Below the samurai is cast jinian. On the back is the shou character pattern, on the top and bottom is the Chinese character "wu yuan", and on the left and right is the Malay word "wu yuan", which is a historical carrier, recording the Chinese people's history of political oppression and economic exploitation.

 

“站人儿”上的不列颠女神,又称不列颠尼亚,亦译为不列塔尼亚,本是罗马帝国对不列颠岛的拉丁语称呼,后据此设立不列颠尼亚行省,又衍生出守护不列颠岛的女神名称。她穿戴着古罗马的头盔和宽袍,但手持的是海神波塞冬的三叉戟,通常站在海面上,她的身边是绘有英国米字旗的希腊圆木盾。

"Standing man" on the British goddess, also known as britannia, also translated as britannia, this is the Roman empire on the British island of the Latin name, after the establishment of britannia province, and derived from the protection of the British island of the goddess name. She wore an ancient Roman helmet and tunic, but carried the trident of Poseidon, the god of the sea. She usually stood on the sea, beside a Greek wooden shield with the British union jack painted on it.

“站人”银元先后在英国伦敦、印度孟买和加尔各答等两国三地制造,集英文、中文、马来文等三国文字于一体,这在世界铸币史上是非常罕见的。特别是将中国古老的篆字记于外币之上,令人啼笑皆非。它不仅反映了一段扭曲的历史,而且反映了英国及其英殖民地国家,一个特殊时期的政治、经济、文化、书法的发展变化。所以,“站人”远远超过一个国家,一种银币的文物价值。

"Standing people" silver dollar has been manufactured in London, England, mumbai, India, kolkata and other three countries, which integrates English, Chinese, Malay and other languages, which is very rare in the history of world coinage. In particular, it is ironic to note the ancient Chinese seal characters above foreign currencies. It not only reflects a distorted history, but also reflects the development and changes of politics, economy, culture and calligraphy in a special period of Britain and its colonies. Therefore, the "standing man" is far more than the cultural value of a country, a silver coin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

另一枚钱币为广东省造光绪元宝:

 

银币的产生与发展已经有六百多年的历史。据史料介绍,起源于15世纪的银元,始铸于欧洲,又称“洋钱”、“花边钱”或“大洋”,是世界上银本位制国家主要的流通货币。到了16世纪,银元开始向我国流入。民国之后,银元更是被定为主要流通币成为近代币收藏的重要币种之一。清朝的官铸银元始于1890年,并从广东省起步。1893年以后,湖北、江苏、福建等省纷纷仿效广东省,铸造了属于自己的银元货币。

The appearance and development of silver coin has a history of more than 600 years. According to historical materials, the silver yuan originated in the 15th century, which was cast in Europe, also known as "foreign money", "lace money" or "ocean", is the main currency in the world. By the 16th century, silver began to flow into our country. After the republic of China, silver dollar was regarded as the main currency in circulation and became one of the most important currency in modern coin collection. Qing dynasty official casting silver yuan began in 1890 and started in guangdong province. After 1893, hubei, jiangsu, fujian and other provinces followed guangdong's example and minted their own silver currency.

 

这枚广东省造光绪元宝双龙寿字币,直径3.9cm,厚0.3cm。此枚钱币正面以珠圈为界,可分为内外两个部分珠圈以外,上端为“广东省造”四字,下方为“库平七钱二”字,左右两侧各铸一蝙蝠图案,珠圈以内,铸有满、汉文“光绪元宝”四字。背面也以珠圈为界珠圈外面,铸有双龙图案;珠圈里面,铸有一圆形“寿”字。因其制作美观、稀有版本存世量少,故银币在拍卖市场备受藏友们的密切关注。

The coin, with a diameter of 3.9cm and a thickness of 0.3cm, is made in guangdong province. The front of this coin is bounded by the bead circle, which can be divided into two parts: inside and outside the bead circle, the upper end is the word "made in guangdong province", the lower part is the word "kuping seven COINS and two COINS", the left and right sides are each cast a bat pattern, inside the bead circle, cast with the word "manman" and "guangxu yuanbao" in Chinese. The back is also a circle of beads outside the circle, cast with double dragon pattern; Inside the bead circle, cast a circle "longevity" word. Because of its beautiful production, rare version of the existence of a small number of silver COINS in the auction market by the close attention of the Tibetan friends.

广东省造光绪元宝双龙寿字币可以说是鼎鼎大名,无人不知,无人不晓,此币由于设计精湛,铸造精美,图案中有“寿”字及二龙戏珠纹样,故称广东“寿字币”或“双龙币”,其稀有程度及其神秘的身世一直为藏界津津乐道,被誉为“传说中的银币”。银币设计极富特色,正面两侧所铸的一对蝙蝠图案寓意吉祥。因蝙蝠的“蝠”字与“福”字谐音,在币面上铸蝙蝠图案意在取“蝠”、“福”两字谐音,与背面的“寿”字相对应,寓意“福寿双全”。

Guangdong province to build guangxu wing ssangyong life of word currency can be said to be famous, no one do not know, and this money due to the exquisite design and exquisite casting, design of "longevity" and praised patterns, therefore calls the guangdong "longevity coin" or "double Long Bi", its rarity and mysterious origin has been valued by CangJie, known as "silver" in the legend. The design features a pair of bat patterns cast on both sides of the front. Due to the homophone of "bat" and "fu", the design of bat is intended to take the homophone of "bat" and "fu" on the currency, corresponding to the "longevity" on the back, which means "both blessing and longevity".

目前,在我国近代钱币中,有一种久负盛名的银币,它被列为中国近代机制币十大珍,也被人们千百年来的寻找与挖掘,这便是广东省造双龙寿字币。从币面的外形到细节刻画方面来说,这枚广东省造双龙寿字币都展现出它不凡的特征而成为大清银币中的佼佼者。

At present, in China's modern COINS, there is a long reputation of the silver coin, it is listed as China's modern mechanism currency ten treasures, also by people for thousands of years to find and dig, this is the guangdong province made shuanglongshou coin. From the appearance of the currency to the details of the description, this guangdong province shuanglongshou coin has shown its extraordinary characteristics and became the outstanding qing dynasty silver.  

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